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Anderson's College, Glasgow

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Anderson's College, Glasgow

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • Anderson's Institution (1796-1828)
  • Anderson's University (1828-1877)

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1796-1887

History

Founded under the will of John Anderson (1726-1796), Professor of Natural Philosophy in the University of Glasgow, Anderson's (or the Andersonian) Institution was established in 1796. The intention was to establish four faculties, of Arts, Medicine, Law and Theology, though Law and Theology were never founded. Courses in chemistry, natural philosophy, mathematics and other scientific subjects, together with English, rhetoric, music and art were offered. In keeping with John Anderson's views, classes were offered for the mechanics of the city. Among the early professors were eminent men such as Thomas Garnett, George Birkbeck and Thomas Graham. In 1828 the institution changed its name to Anderson's University and in 1877 it changed again to Anderson's College, as it lacked a royal warrant to function as a university.

An important part of the institution (founded in 1799) was Anderson's Medical School, of which David Livingstone was perhaps the most famous alumnus. In 1887, the Medical School became an independent institution, and it eventually merged with the University of Glasgow Medical Faculty in 1947.

Anderson's College merged with other institutions in 1887 to become the main component in the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College.

Places

Glasgow, Scotland

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Anderson's College, Glasgow | Medical Faculty (1799-1887)

Identifier of the related entity

C0091

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1799-1887

Description of relationship

Related entity

Anderson's College, Glasgow | Secretary (1796-1887)

Identifier of the related entity

C0095

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1796-1887

Description of relationship

The secretary carried out the administration of the college.

Related entity

Andersonian Museum, Glasgow (1796-c 1900)

Identifier of the related entity

C0094

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1796-1887

Description of relationship

The Andersonian Museum housed the College's collections of artefacts.

Related entity

Anderson's College, Glasgow | Library (1796 to date)

Identifier of the related entity

C0093

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1796-1887

Description of relationship

Related entity

Anderson's College, Glasgow | Trustees (1796-1887)

Identifier of the related entity

C0016

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1796-1887

Description of relationship

The trustees were responsible for the management and administration of the college.

Related entity

Anderson's College, Glasgow | Treasurer

Identifier of the related entity

C0017

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1796-1887

Description of relationship

The treasurer looked after the finances of the college.

Related entity

Anderson's College, Glasgow | Popular Evening Class Committee (1796-1887)

Identifier of the related entity

C0015

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1796-1887

Description of relationship

The committee was responsible for the management of the college's popular evening classes.

Related entity

Anderson's College, Glasgow | Committee of Ordinary Managers (1796-1887)

Identifier of the related entity

C0014

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1796-1887

Description of relationship

The Committee of Ordinary Managers was responsible for the ordinary administration of the affairs of the college.

Related entity

Royal College of Science and Technology, Glasgow (1887-1964)

Identifier of the related entity

C0065

Category of the relationship

temporal

Dates of the relationship

1887

Description of relationship

Anderson's College joined with other institutions to form the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College (which later became the Royal College of Science and Technology).

Related entity

Royal Technical College Scientific Society (1887-c 1939)

Identifier of the related entity

C0187

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1887

Description of relationship

The Scientific Society started life as a Society at Anderson's College.

Related entity

Andersonian Chemical Society (1886 to date)

Identifier of the related entity

C0189

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1886-1887

Description of relationship

Related entity

Blyth, James, 1838-1906, physicist (1838-1906)

Identifier of the related entity

P0013

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1880-1886

Description of relationship

Blyth was Professor of Natural Philosophy at Anderson's College.

Related entity

Forbes, George, 1849-1936, engineer and astronomer (1849-1936)

Identifier of the related entity

P0005

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1872-1880

Description of relationship

Forbes was Professor of Natural Philosophy at Anderson's College.

Related entity

Young Chair of Technical Chemistry, Glasgow (1869-1887)

Identifier of the related entity

C0029

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1869

Description of relationship

The Young Chair was founded by the president of Anderson's University (which later became Anderson's College).

Related entity

Young, James, 1811-1883, chemist (1811-1883)

Identifier of the related entity

P0032

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1868-1877

Description of relationship

James Young was president of Anderson's University (which later became Anderson's College).

Related entity

Herschel, Alexander Stewart, 1836-1907, astronomer (1836-1907)

Identifier of the related entity

P0158

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1866 -1872

Description of relationship

Herschel was professor of natural philosophy at the College.

Related entity

Fell, James Walter, fl. 1862-1864, student at Anderson's University, Glasgow

Identifier of the related entity

P0194

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1862-1864

Description of relationship

Fell was a student at the College.

Related entity

Foster, George Carey, 1835-1919, physicist (1835 - 1919)

Identifier of the related entity

P0164

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1862 -1865

Description of relationship

Foster was professor of natural philosophy at the University.

Related entity

Geological Society of Glasgow (1858 to date)

Identifier of the related entity

C0122

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1858-1886

Description of relationship

There were close links between the Geological Society and the College.

Related entity

Tatlock, Robert Rattray, 1837-1934, chemist (1837-1934)

Identifier of the related entity

P0047

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

mid 1850s - 1867

Description of relationship

Tatlock was a student and then an assistant at the College.

Related entity

Allan Glen's Institution, Glasgow (1853-1887)

Identifier of the related entity

C0031

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1853-1887

Description of relationship

Allan Glen's Institution was an important feeder school for Anderson's College.

Related entity

Glasgow Chemists' and Druggists' Association (Established 1854)

Identifier of the related entity

C0062

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1852-

Description of relationship

Meetings of the Glasgow Chemists' and Druggists' Association were held in Anderson's University.

Related entity

Livingstone, David, 1813-1873, explorer and missionary (1813-1878)

Identifier of the related entity

P0193

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1836-1839

Description of relationship

Livingstone was a student at the College.

Related entity

Moore, William, fl. 1832-1835, student at Anderson's University, Glasgow

Identifier of the related entity

P0192

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1832-1835

Description of relationship

Moore was a student at the College.

Related entity

Graham, Thomas, 1805-1869, chemist (1805-1869)

Identifier of the related entity

P0004

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Appointed 1830

Description of relationship

Graham was Professor of Chemistry at Anderson's University (which later became Anderson's College).

Related entity

College of Science and Arts, Glasgow (1827-1887)

Identifier of the related entity

C0032

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1823

Description of relationship

The Glasgow Mechanics' Institution (which later became the College of Science and Arts) was established by the members of the mechanics' class at Anderson's Institution.

Related entity

Ure, Andrew, 1778-1857, chemist (1778-1857)

Identifier of the related entity

P0007

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1804-1830

Description of relationship

Ure was Professor of Natural Philosophy at Anderson's Institution (later renamed Anderson's College).

Related entity

Anderson, John, 1726-1796, natural philosopher (1726-1796)

Identifier of the related entity

P0036

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1796

Description of relationship

John Anderson founded Anderson's Institution (which later became Anderson's College).

Related entity

Atkinson, Thomas, ? 1801-1833, poet and writer, bookseller (? 1801-1833)

Identifier of the related entity

P0017

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Thomas Atkinson was Lecturer in Craniology at Anderson's Institution (which later became Anderson's College).

Related entity

Glasgow Dilettanti Society (1825-1843)

Identifier of the related entity

C0027

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

The Dilettanti Society operated from the College's buildings.

Related entity

Andersonian Naturalists' Society (Founded 1885)

Identifier of the related entity

C0370

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Control area

Description identifier

C0046

Institution identifier

GB 249

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created by Victoria Peters, November 2009.

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

'The first Technical College', by A.H. Sexton (1894); 'John Anderson and the College he founded', by James Muir (1950); 'John Anderson's legacy', by John Butt (1996).

Maintenance notes