Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Identity area

Type of entity

Person

Authorized form of name

Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

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Description area

Dates of existence

1854-1932

History

Sir Patrick Geddes was a biologist, sociologist and town planner with a strong interest in education, the arts, history and many other subjects. He believed strongly in the inter-relationships between all branches of knowledge.

Geddes grew up and was educated in Scotland, and studied biology in London. After a professional career as a biologist in London and France, he settled in the late 1880s in Edinburgh, where he became involved in the regeneration of the Old Town. He was particularly involved in the Ramsay Garden complex of private housing, student hall of residence and artists' studios, and in the Outlook Tower. In 1889, Geddes became Professor of Botany at Dundee University College, where he was required to be present for only three months of the year. This gave him the opportunity to pursue many other interests. In the ensuing decades, Geddes developed a highly individualistic theory of human societies and their spatial manifestation in the city and in the country, drawing upon theories in biology, geography, philosophy and politics. In 1904, Geddes published his first major report, City development: a study of parks, gardens and culture institutes, which enhanced his reputation among architects and planners. After 1900, Geddes's activities centred on London, where he co-founded the Sociological Society in 1903 and showed his Cities and Town Planning Exhibition in 1911. From 1914-1924, Geddes lived mainly in India, where he was involved in town planning. He accepted the Chair of Sociology and Civics at the University of Bombay in 1919. At this period, Geddes designed the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, garden suburbs for Jerusalem and Haifa, settlements elsewhere in Palestine, and the master plan for Tel Aviv. After his return to Europe in 1924, Geddes settled in Montpellier, France, where he founded the Scots College as an International University to propagate his ideas. He was knighted in 1932 and died at Montpellier.

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Relationships area

Related entity

Mears, Frank Charles, 1880-1953, architect and town planner (1880-1953)

Identifier of the related entity

P0143

Category of the relationship

family

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Mears was Patrick Geddes's son-in-law.

Related entity

Herbertson, Andrew John, 1865–1915, geographer

Identifier of the related entity

P0594

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1892

Description of relationship

Herbertson was Geddes's assistant at the University of Dundee.

Related entity

Branford, Victor Verasis, 1863-1930, sociologist

Identifier of the related entity

P0413

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Macdonald, James F., fl. 1896-1931, lawyer

Identifier of the related entity

P1152

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Macdonald was Geddes's lawyer.

Related entity

Home, J.W., fl. 1903-1908, Secretary of Patrick Geddes

Identifier of the related entity

P0637

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Miss J.W. Home was Patrick Geddes's secretary.

Related entity

Flahault, Charles Henri Marie, 1852-1935, botanist (1852 - 1935)

Identifier of the related entity

P0650

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Marr, Thomas R., fl. 1900-1909, Warden of Manchester University Settlement

Identifier of the related entity

P0443

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Geddes, Arthur, 1895-1968, geographer

Identifier of the related entity

P0497

Category of the relationship

family

Type of relationship

Geddes, Arthur, 1895-1968, geographer is the child of Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Mears, Norah, 1887-1967, née Geddes

Identifier of the related entity

P0646

Category of the relationship

family

Type of relationship

Mears, Norah, 1887-1967, née Geddes is the child of Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Geddes, Alasdair, 1891-1917 (1891 - 1917)

Identifier of the related entity

P0658

Category of the relationship

family

Type of relationship

Geddes, Alasdair, 1891-1917 is the child of Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Geddes, Anna, d. 1917, née Morton

Identifier of the related entity

P0626

Category of the relationship

family

Type of relationship

Geddes, Anna, d. 1917, née Morton is the spouse of Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Barker, Mabel, b. 1886, climber and educationist

Identifier of the related entity

P0647

Category of the relationship

family

Type of relationship

Barker, Mabel, b. 1886, climber and educationist is the godchild of Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Tyrwhitt, Jaqueline, 1905-1983, landscape architect and town planner (1905-1983)

Identifier of the related entity

P0018

Category of the relationship

associative

Type of relationship

Tyrwhitt, Jaqueline, 1905-1983, landscape architect and town planner is influenced by Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Access points area

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

P0019

Institution identifier

GB 249

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

Status

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Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created by Victoria Peters, December 2009.

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