Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

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Personne

Forme autorisée du nom

Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Forme(s) parallèle(s) du nom

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Dates d'existence

1854-1932

Historique

Sir Patrick Geddes was a biologist, sociologist and town planner with a strong interest in education, the arts, history and many other subjects. He believed strongly in the inter-relationships between all branches of knowledge.

Geddes grew up and was educated in Scotland, and studied biology in London. After a professional career as a biologist in London and France, he settled in the late 1880s in Edinburgh, where he became involved in the regeneration of the Old Town. He was particularly involved in the Ramsay Garden complex of private housing, student hall of residence and artists' studios, and in the Outlook Tower. In 1889, Geddes became Professor of Botany at Dundee University College, where he was required to be present for only three months of the year. This gave him the opportunity to pursue many other interests. In the ensuing decades, Geddes developed a highly individualistic theory of human societies and their spatial manifestation in the city and in the country, drawing upon theories in biology, geography, philosophy and politics. In 1904, Geddes published his first major report, City development: a study of parks, gardens and culture institutes, which enhanced his reputation among architects and planners. After 1900, Geddes's activities centred on London, where he co-founded the Sociological Society in 1903 and showed his Cities and Town Planning Exhibition in 1911. From 1914-1924, Geddes lived mainly in India, where he was involved in town planning. He accepted the Chair of Sociology and Civics at the University of Bombay in 1919. At this period, Geddes designed the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, garden suburbs for Jerusalem and Haifa, settlements elsewhere in Palestine, and the master plan for Tel Aviv. After his return to Europe in 1924, Geddes settled in Montpellier, France, where he founded the Scots College as an International University to propagate his ideas. He was knighted in 1932 and died at Montpellier.

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Entité associée

Mears, Frank Charles, 1880-1953, architect and town planner (1880-1953)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0143

Type de la relation

family

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Herbertson, Andrew John, 1865–1915, geographer

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0594

Type de la relation

associative

Dates de la relation

1892

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Branford, Victor Verasis, 1863-1930, sociologist

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0413

Type de la relation

associative

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Macdonald, James F., fl. 1896-1931, lawyer

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P1152

Type de la relation

associative

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Home, J.W., fl. 1903-1908, Secretary of Patrick Geddes

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0637

Type de la relation

associative

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Flahault, Charles Henri Marie, 1852-1935, botanist (1852 - 1935)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0650

Type de la relation

associative

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Marr, Thomas R., fl. 1900s, Warden of Manchester University Settlement

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0443

Type de la relation

associative

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Geddes, Arthur, 1895-1968, geographer

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0497

Type de la relation

family

Type de relation

Geddes, Arthur, 1895-1968, geographer is the child of Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Mears, Norah, 1887-1967, née Geddes

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0646

Type de la relation

family

Type de relation

Mears, Norah, 1887-1967, née Geddes is the child of Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Geddes, Alasdair, 1891-1917, son of Patrick Geddes. (1891 - 1917)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0658

Type de la relation

family

Type de relation

Geddes, Alasdair, 1891-1917, son of Patrick Geddes. is the child of Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Geddes, Anna, d. 1917, née Morton, wife of Patrick Geddes

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0626

Type de la relation

family

Type de relation

Geddes, Anna, d. 1917, née Morton, wife of Patrick Geddes is the spouse of Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Barker, Mabel, b. 1886, climber and educationist

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0647

Type de la relation

family

Type de relation

Barker, Mabel, b. 1886, climber and educationist is the godchild of Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Tyrwhitt, Jaqueline, 1905-1983, landscape architect and town planner (1905-1983)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

P0018

Type de la relation

associative

Type de relation

Tyrwhitt, Jaqueline, 1905-1983, landscape architect and town planner is influenced by Geddes, Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Knight, biologist, sociologist, educationist and town planner

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Zone du contrôle

Identifiant de la notice d'autorité

P0019

Identifiant du service d'archives

GB 249

Règles et/ou conventions utilisées

ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

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Niveau de détail

Dates de production, de révision et de suppression

Created by Victoria Peters, December 2009.

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