Graham, Thomas, 1805-1869, chemist

Identity area

Type of entity

Person

Authorized form of name

Graham, Thomas, 1805-1869, chemist

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1805-1869

History

Thomas Graham, pioneer in physical chemistry, was born in Glasgow, the son of James Graham, a merchant and textile manufacturer. He was educated at Glasgow Grammar School and Glasgow University, where he graduated MA in 1824. Graham later studied medicine at Edinburgh University and worked in the chemical laboratory there. He was appointed Professor of Chemistry at Anderson's University in 1830. In order to gain the necessary medical recognition to be able to lecture on chemistry to the students at Anderson's Medical School, Graham submitted a successful probationary essay on gaseous diffusion to the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. He also delivered lectures in the Glasgow Mechanics' Institution. In June 1837, Graham was appointed Professor of Chemistry at University College, London. He was active in the learned societies of the day - the Royal Society of Edinburgh, the British Association, the Chemical Society of London, the Royal Society and the Cavendish Society. He served as a chemical adviser to the government and was appointed Master of the Mint in 1855.

Places

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Anderson's College, Glasgow (1796-1887)

Identifier of the related entity

C0046

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Appointed 1830

Description of relationship

Graham was Professor of Chemistry at Anderson's University (which later became Anderson's College).

Related entity

College of Science and Arts, Glasgow (1827-1887)

Identifier of the related entity

C0032

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1830s

Description of relationship

Graham delivered lectures at the Glasgow Mechanics' Institution (which later became the College of Science and Arts).

Related entity

Young, James, 1811-1883, chemist (1811-1883)

Identifier of the related entity

P0032

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

James Young was a pupil of Thomas Graham. He subsequently became Graham's assistant.

Related entity

Crum, Walter, 1796-1867, calico printer and chemist (1796-1867)

Identifier of the related entity

P0039

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Walter Crum was a pupil of Thomas Graham at Anderson's University.

Control area

Authority record identifier

P0004

Institution identifier

GB 249

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created by Victoria Peters, December 2009.

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Maintenance notes