Colección T-YOU - James 'Paraffin' Young papers

Área de identidad

Código de referencia

GB 249 T-YOU

Título

James 'Paraffin' Young papers

Fecha(s)

  • 1830-1958 (Criação)

Nivel de descripción

Colección

Volumen y soporte

2.4 metres

Área de contexto

Nombre del productor

(1811-1883)

Historia biográfica

James Young was born in Glasgow in 1811. He attended Professor Thomas Graham's chemistry lectures at Anderson's University in 1830, became Graham's assistant in 1832 and followed him to University College, London in 1837. He became manager of the chemical works of James Muspratt, St Helens, Lancashire in 1838, and moved to Tennants, Clow & Co of Ardwick, Manchester in 1844. In 1848, Young established an oil refinery at Alfreton, Derbyshire with James Oakes, and in 1850 he was granted a 14 year patent for a process to extract oil from cannel coal. He subsequently entered into partnership with Edward Binney and Edward Meldrum for the manufacture of oils from Boghead cannel coal at Bathgate, West Lothian, and began the sale of paraffin. Young embarked on considerable litigation against other companies who had attempted to infringe his patent. In 1865, Young bought out his business partners and a year later established Young's Paraffin Light and Mineral Oil Company, with new works at Addiewell, Bathgate. He also patented other industrial processes.

James Young was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1861 and of the Royal Society in 1873. From 1868-1877 he was President of Anderson's University, and a great benefactor to the University. He founded the Young Chair of Technical Chemistry in 1869. He was a lifelong friend of David Livingstone, who had been a medical student at Anderson's University in the 1830s, and funded Livingstone's African expeditions. He was a keen yachtsman and made long voyages with family and friends on his yacht, 'Nyanza'. Young continued his scientific experiments in retirement, notably on the velocity of light, with Professor George Forbes of Anderson's University. In 1879, Young was awarded the degree of LLD of St Andrews University.

Historia archivística

Origen del ingreso o transferencia

The Young Papers were donated to the Royal College of Science and Technology in 1959 by Miss Alice Thom, grand-daughter of James Young.

Área de contenido y estructura

Alcance y contenido

Diaries and notebooks; correspondence; patents and legal cases; financial papers; technical and scientific notes; newspaper cuttings; educational and personal items.

Valorización, destrucción y programación

Acumulaciones

Sistema de arreglo

Área de condiciones de acceso y uso

Condiciones de acceso

Open

Condiciones

Idioma del material

  • inglés
  • francés
  • alemán

Escritura del material

Notas sobre las lenguas y escrituras

Características físicas y requisitos técnicos

Instrumentos de descripción

Área de materiales relacionados

Existencia y localización de originales

Existencia y localización de copias

Unidades de descripción relacionadas

Photographs of James Young [ref: GB 249 OP/4/36-41]

The Young Collection of rare books on chemistry and alchemy (Andersonian Library, University of Strathclyde) [https://www.strath.ac.uk/archives/specialcollections/]

Área de notas

Identificador/es alternativo(os)

Puntos de acceso

Puntos de acceso por materia

Puntos de acceso por lugar

Puntos de acceso por autoridad

Tipo de puntos de acceso

Identificador de la descripción

Identificador de la institución

Idioma(s)

Escritura(s)

Fuentes

Área de Ingreso

Personas y organizaciones relacionadas

Tipos relacionados

Lugares relacionados