Collection T-YOU - James 'Paraffin' Young papers

Zone d'identification

Cote

GB 249 T-YOU

Titre

James 'Paraffin' Young papers

Date(s)

  • 1830-1958 (Production)

Niveau de description

Collection

Étendue matérielle et support

2.4 metres

Zone du contexte

Nom du producteur

(1811-1883)

Notice biographique

James Young was born in Glasgow in 1811. He attended Professor Thomas Graham's chemistry lectures at Anderson's University in 1830, became Graham's assistant in 1832 and followed him to University College, London in 1837. He became manager of the chemical works of James Muspratt, St Helens, Lancashire in 1838, and moved to Tennants, Clow & Co of Ardwick, Manchester in 1844. In 1848, Young established an oil refinery at Alfreton, Derbyshire with James Oakes, and in 1850 he was granted a 14 year patent for a process to extract oil from cannel coal. He subsequently entered into partnership with Edward Binney and Edward Meldrum for the manufacture of oils from Boghead cannel coal at Bathgate, West Lothian, and began the sale of paraffin. Young embarked on considerable litigation against other companies who had attempted to infringe his patent. In 1865, Young bought out his business partners and a year later established Young's Paraffin Light and Mineral Oil Company, with new works at Addiewell, Bathgate. He also patented other industrial processes.

James Young was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1861 and of the Royal Society in 1873. From 1868-1877 he was President of Anderson's University, and a great benefactor to the University. He founded the Young Chair of Technical Chemistry in 1869. He was a lifelong friend of David Livingstone, who had been a medical student at Anderson's University in the 1830s, and funded Livingstone's African expeditions. He was a keen yachtsman and made long voyages with family and friends on his yacht, 'Nyanza'. Young continued his scientific experiments in retirement, notably on the velocity of light, with Professor George Forbes of Anderson's University. In 1879, Young was awarded the degree of LLD of St Andrews University.

Histoire archivistique

Source immédiate d'acquisition ou de transfert

The Young Papers were donated to the Royal College of Science and Technology in 1959 by Miss Alice Thom, grand-daughter of James Young.

Zone du contenu et de la structure

Portée et contenu

Diaries and notebooks; correspondence; patents and legal cases; financial papers; technical and scientific notes; newspaper cuttings; educational and personal items.

Évaluation, élimination et calendrier de conservation

Accroissements

Mode de classement

Zone des conditions d'accès et d'utilisation

Conditions d’accès

Open

Conditions de reproduction

Langue des documents

  • anglais
  • français
  • allemand

Écriture des documents

Notes sur la langue et l'écriture

Caractéristiques matérielle et contraintes techniques

Instruments de recherche

Zone des sources complémentaires

Existence et lieu de conservation des originaux

Existence et lieu de conservation des copies

Unités de description associées

Photographs of James Young [ref: GB 249 OP/4/36-41]

The Young Collection of rare books on chemistry and alchemy (Andersonian Library, University of Strathclyde) [https://www.strath.ac.uk/archives/specialcollections/]

Zone des notes

Identifiant(s) alternatif(s)

Mots-clés

Mots-clés - Lieux

Mots-clés - Noms

Mots-clés - Genre

Identifiant de la description

Identifiant du service d'archives

Langue(s)

Écriture(s)

Sources

Zone des entrées

Personnes et organismes associés

Genres associés

Lieux associés