Collectie OA - John Anderson papers

Identificatie

referentie code

GB 249 OA

Titel

John Anderson papers

Datum(s)

  • 1721 - 1798 (Vervaardig)

Beschrijvingsniveau

Collectie

Omvang en medium

2 metres

Context

Naam van de archiefvormer

(1726-1796)

Biografie

John Anderson (1726-1796) was born at Rosneath, Dunbartonshire, the grandson of the Reverend John Anderson (1668-1721), Preceptor to the Duke of Argyll and first minister of St David's Ramshorn Church in Glasgow and son of the Reverend James Anderson, minister of Rosneath. Following the early death of his father, Anderson was brought up by an aunt in Stirling and later attended Glasgow University, where he graduated in 1745. Following employment as tutor to several young gentlemen, Anderson was appointed Professor of Oriental Languages at the College or University of Glasgow in 1755 and transferred to the Chair of Natural Philosophy in 1757.

Anderson had a wide range of interests - in natural philosophy, natural history, antiquities and ballistics and military engineering - and was a prolific writer and inventor. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society and was a friend of Benjamin Franklin and many other scientists of the day. He installed the first lightning conductor in Glasgow, on the College steeple.

Glasgow in the 18th century was a centre of the Industrial Revolution and Anderson realised the need to encourage technical education. He gave an evening class in experimental philosophy open to the mechanics in the city, which proved to be so popular that the lecture room had to be twice extended to accommodate the numbers wishing to attend. He was an inspired teacher and was nicknamed 'Jolly Jack Phosphorus' by his students. He was associated with James Watt and encouraged the latter's revolutionary work on the steam engine.

Anderson found himself often at odds with his colleagues in Glasgow University over matters of governance and their hostility, as he saw it, to new ideas, and some of these disputes ended in lawsuits. In 1795 he drew up a detailed plan in his will for a new University to be founded in Glasgow, which would be 'a place of useful learning'. Even women would be welcome to attend classes. After his death in January 1796 his trustees, although left with insufficient funds, were able to establish Anderson's Institution, which evolved into the present day University of Strathclyde.

Geschiedenis van het archief

Directe bron van verwerving of overbrenging

Inhoud en structuur

Bereik en inhoud

Personal items; letters; writings on scientific, military, antiquarian and other topics; material relating to Anderson's involvement with the University of Glasgow.

Waardering, vernietiging en slectie

Aanvullingen

Ordeningstelsel

Voorwaarden voor toegang en gebruik

Voorwaarden voor raadpleging

Open

Voorwaarden voor reproductie

Taal van het materiaal

  • Engels

Schrift van het materiaal

Taal en schrift aantekeningen

Fysieke eigenschappen en technische eisen

Toegangen

Verwante materialen

Bestaan en verblifplaats van originelen

Bestaan en verblijfplaats van kopieën

Related units of description

Anderson Collection of books, Andersonian Library, University of Strathclyde [http://www.strath.ac.uk/archives/specialcollections/]

Anderson's scientific equipment, model cannon, guns, swords, dirk, walking sticks, medals and three lock chest, University of Strathclyde

GB 248 Glasgow University Archives: Items on John Anderson

GB 237 Edinburgh University New College Library: Papers of the Reverend John Anderson (1668-1721), theologian

Related descriptions

Aantekeningen

Alternative identifier(s)

Trefwoorden

Geografische trefwoorden

Naam ontsluitingsterm

Genre access points

Identificatie van de beschrijving

Identificatiecode van de instelling

Taal (talen)

Schrift(en)

Bronnen

Voorwaarden voor raadpleging en gebruik

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